By Malcolm Foster
The Associated Press
TOKYO (AP) — Naoto Kan, the straight-talking populist named Japan’s new prime minister, faces a host of daunting tasks, from reviving the nation’s stagnant economy to cutting back its ballooning national debt.
But first, he must survive an urgent test. He must win back voters disgusted by the broken promises of his predecessor, Yukio Hatoyama, by next month’s upper house elections.
Decisive and down-to-earth, Kan may have what it takes to regain support for the battered Democratic Party of Japan.
Unlike the blue-blooded Hatoyama, Kan comes from an ordinary family and got his political start in civic activism. He’s known for speaking his mind and gained popularity in the 1990s for exposing a government cover-up of HIV-tainted blood products.
“He has a chance. He’s a credible new leader. Nobody doubts his reformist credentials,” said Koichi Nakano, political science professor at Sophia University in Tokyo.
“But there’s no real honeymoon period,” Nakano said. “Even though [the election] is his first test, it will be his make-or-break test.”
Initial signs are positive. A survey by Kyodo News agency conducted Friday and Saturday showed that the Democrats’ approval rating jumped to 36.1 percent, up 15.6 points from the previous poll in late May. Those who expressed high hopes for Kan totaled 57.6 percent.
The survey of 1,026 people didn’t provide a margin of error, but one of that size would normally have a margin of about 5 percentage points.
The Democrats swept to power just nine months ago, trouncing the long-ruling conservatives amid high hopes for change and more government accountability. But public opinion quickly soured after Hatoyama got ensnared in a political funding scandal and reneged on a campaign promise to move a key U.S. Marine base off the southern island of Okinawa.
Kan, 63, Japan’s sixth prime minister in four years, is keenly aware of the challenges ahead of him.
“Our first priority is to regain the trust of the people,” he told party members last Friday, when he was voted into office by the more powerful lower house of parliament.
He pledged to confront problems linking “money and politics.” Finance minister under Hatoyama, Kan stressed the need to spur growth and tackle deflation in the world’s second-largest economy.
Otherwise, Kan offered few specifics, and analysts predicted he would proceed with caution.
“Having seen Hatoyama up close, how he dug a hole for himself, Kan realizes that cheap words are what he should be avoiding,” Nakano said.
In the past, Kan has said Japan needs to raise its consumption tax from the current 5 percent to reduce the bulging deficit. But on Friday, he was much more circumspect, saying only he would make an announcement at an appropriate time.
And rather than hurriedly announce a Cabinet, Kan said he would reveal the members early next week, after which they would be appointed by Emperor Akihito.
Japanese media reports last Saturday said Kan’s finance minister would likely be Yoshihiko Noda, the senior vice finance minister. They also said that Renho, who gained media attention for her tough questioning of bureaucrats during a public budget screening process last fall — an attempt to make government decisions more transparent — would be named consumer affairs minister. A former television announcer, Renho goes by one name.
Kan faces plenty of prickly problems, including executing a recent agreement between Tokyo and Washington to relocate U.S. Marine Air Station Futenma to a less-crowded part of Okinawa. Hatoyama’s failure to keep a pledge to move the airfield off the island led to his downfall.
Kan said last Friday that he would honor that accord, but he faces intense opposition from island residents who want Futenma moved off Okinawa completely. Some analysts have questioned whether the plan can actually be carried out.
The White House said President Barack Obama looked forward to working with Kan.
“Japan is an important friend and ally. Our partnership is crucial to peace and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region,” National Security Council spokesman Mike Hammer said in a statement.
A politician with roots in civic activism who has become a fiscal disciplinarian, Kan defies easy categorization. Observers say his political views have evolved over time, making it hard to predict his future policies.
As finance minister, Kan spoke up for his past preference for spending on social programs. He has also criticized the Bank of Japan for not doing enough to combat deflation.
He’s overcome several setbacks, too. In 2004, he resigned as party leader after admitting that he failed to make pension payments. In an act of penitence, he shaved his head and went on a pilgrimage of temples.
“Kan brings passion to the post. He is known as ‘Ira-Ira Kan,’ the ‘Irritable Kan’ because he’s got a temper.
The guy cares about politics,” said Jeff Kingston, director of Asian studies at Temple University in Tokyo. “I think that the voters will respond to him.”
Kan also tried to put distance between himself and Ichiro Ozawa, the party’s powerbroker and former No. 2 who is also embroiled in a funding scandal. Ozawa stepped down with Hatoyama on Wednesday.
A bad performance in July’s upper house elections, where half the seats are up for grabs, would not threaten the Democrats’ grip on power because they command a large lower-house majority. But heavy losses would likely force the party to woo new coalition partners to ensure smoother passage of bills — and could cost Kan his job.
Many Tokyo residents appear to be taking a wait-and-see attitude.
“I’m a little uneasy after Hatoyama’s government,” said Yuki Tamura, 23, who works for a manufacturing company. “I voted for the Democrats last time, and depending on how Kan does, am willing to do so again.” ♦
Associated Press writers Mari Yamaguchi, Jay Alabaster, Yuri Kageyama, and Tomoko A. Hosaka contributed to this report.