By JOE McDONALD
AP Business Writer
BEIJING (AP) — The founder of the Chinese insurer that owns New York City’s Waldorf Hotel went on trial on March 30, on charges of improperly raising billions of dollars from investors and abusing his position to benefit himself.
Wu Xiaohui, chairman of Anbang Insurance Group, was detained last year. Regulators took control of privately owned Anbang in February following a multibillion-dollar global buying spree that prompted questions about its financial stability.
The case added to an avalanche of scandals for Chinese insurers. The industry’s former chief regulator was charged in September with taking bribes. Executives of other insurers have been charged with corruption and mismanagement.
Beijing announced plans March 13 to merge the Chinese banking and insurance regulators in an effort to step up scrutiny of those fast-evolving industries. The ruling Communist Party has made reducing financial risk a priority after a run-up in debt owed by Chinese companies and local governments prompted rating agencies last year to cut Beijing’s credit rating for government borrowing.
Wu is accused of fraudulently raising $10 billion and abusing his post to benefit himself, according to a report by prosecutors that was posted on the social media account of the Shanghai No. 1 Intermediate People’s Court.
At one point, Wu objected that he didn’t understand the law and didn’t know whether what he did was illegal, according to a post.
Most trials in China last no more than a day, even for complex financial cases. Verdicts usually are issued days or weeks later.
Anbang discussed possibly investing in a Manhattan skyscraper owned by the family of President Donald Trump’s son-in-law and adviser, Jared Kushner, but those talks ended last year with no deal.
Regulators said they took control of Anbang on Feb. 23 to protect its solvency and consumer rights. The China Insurance Regulatory Commission said the takeover had no effect on Anbang’s financial obligations.
Wu founded Anbang in 2004 and gained a reputation for aggressive expansion in a stodgy industry dominated by state-owned insurers.
The company grew to more than 30,000 employees with 35 million clients and diversified into life insurance, banking, asset management, leasing and brokerage services.
Questions about Anbang’s future have swirled since the company announced Wu handed his duties to deputies in June following news reports he was detained for questioning about unspecified financial offenses.
Anbang’s buying spree stumbled after Beijing tightened investment controls in late 2016. Regulators said they wanted to cool spending on foreign real estate and other assets they said did nothing to develop China’s economy.
Following that, Anbang failed to complete several deals, including the proposed purchase of U.S.-based Fidelity & Guaranty Life for $1.6 billion.
Wu also is accused of ignoring regulatory limits in selling high-interest investment products as short-term insurance contracts, according to a March 28 statement.
Such sales raised $115 billion from 10.6 million investors from 2011 to 2017, the statement said. It said some of that money was transferred to companies controlled by Wu for “reckless personal spending.’’
Regulators warned Anbang and other insurers last year about use of such investment products.
Other insurers have been accused of endangering the financial safety of their industry through reckless speculation in stocks and real estate. The chairman of a life insurance company was barred from the industry last year in an unrelated case and a third company was prohibited from trading stocks.
Anbang has been under scrutiny since a multibillion-dollar string of global acquisitions raised questions about how it paid for its buying spree, including the $2 billion purchase of the Waldorf.
Anbang’s negotiations with Kushner Cos. about a possible investment in its flagship property, 666 Fifth Avenue, prompted members of the U.S. Congress to raise ethics concerns.
Five lawmakers said in a letter to the White House the possible deal represented a “clear conflict of interest.’’ They asked the Trump administration to confirm Kushner, who transferred his ownership stake to other family members, played no role in the negotiations.
Anbang’s early investors included a state-owned automaker, an oil company and a mix of rural villagers and small business owners.
Anbang said it raised $8 billion in capital in 2014 by taking on dozens of new shareholders. That increased its registered capital fivefold to $9.5 billion, the biggest among Chinese insurers.
A prominent business magazine, Caixin, said in May 2017 at least $4.3 billion of that money really came from premiums paid by policyholders — a violation of insurance regulations.
Anbang denied that and accused Caixin of publishing negative information about the company and Wu after pressing it to buy advertising.
The China Insurance Regulatory Commission sent investigators to Anbang in June. It said in a statement in February they ordered unspecified improvements in operations and management.